Vietnam – a country with a thousand-year-old cultural tradition, has brought humanity beautiful cultural heritage. Besides tangible cultural heritage, Vietnam is also on the list of countries with much intangible cultural heritage in the world. If you notice, from North to South we always have a cultural heritage for each region with different unique identities.
So! Come to Rubik Asia and take a look at through the Top 3 famous intangible cultural heritage in Vietnam!
- Nha Nhac of Hue court
Hue is one of the must-see destinations if you have a trip to Central Vietnam. Hue, also known as the ancient capital – the home of the last dynasty of Vietnam – Nguyen dynasty. Hue is still retaining the nostalgic, beautiful and traditional features of the ancient capital. Here still preserves the ancient architecture from the feudal period, besides there are beautiful scenes of nature. Over hundreds of years, the royal lifestyle and traditions are still here, imprinted in the minds of the people here.
The most typical is the “Nha Nhac of Hue court”, which is an art form enjoyed by the kings. Royal court music was only enjoyed by the King and those in the royal family or was often sang during the great ceremonies in the palace. Today, royal court music is gradually lost in oblivion and needs the preserve of community.
Nha Nhac of Hue court is the stories that have been told and handed down in folk to teach people, that maybe the fairy tales or the stories that the ancients wanted to hand down to his descendants. When watching Nha Nhac, you will feel like going back to history, being with the kings to enjoy one of the traditional art forms of the nation. Nha Nhac of Hue court was recognized in 2003 by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
2. Don ca tai tu Nam Bo
If Nha Nhac of Hue court is for kings, “Don ca tai tu” is the music of ordinary workers in society in the Southern. To take formed in the late nineteenth century, based on ritual music, Hue of court music and folklore. Therefore, “Don ca tai tu” is both popular and scholarly.
Don ca tai tu is constantly being created, due to its improvisation and the emotional change of the practitioner, from 20 original songs and 72 old songs that developed to over hundreds of songs. The content of the songs is often the confessions, voices or simply stories of every day of the farmers: love stories, family stories, neighbors stories, … sometimes there will be sad moments, misery, but there will also be times of joy.
Performed at numerous events such as festivals, death anniversary rituals and celebrations, “Don ca tai tu” is thus intimately connected with other cultural practices and customs, oral traditions and handicrafts. “Don ca tai tu” was recognized by UNESCO as Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
3. Space of Gong culture
Upstream to the mountainous areas of the Central Highlands is a special traditional feature, a completely different space for the ethnic minorities here. Space of Gong culture is an art form, spread over 5 provinces: Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Kon Tum, Gia Lai and Lam Dong.
“Space of gong culture” includes components such as gongs, dances using gongs, festivals that use gongs, … For people in the Central Highlands, gongs as a sacred object, connecting people with the gods, God listens to people’s wishes through the sound of gongs. Therefore, in the space and daily life of people in the Central Highlands indispensable gongs are like that. And “Space of Gong culture” was recognized in 2005 by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
Each country, each nation, will have different cultural traits, the preservation of cultural identity depends on communities and indigenous people. As society grows, have a lot of changes, people are no longer interested in the traditions, but instead, follow the hustle of the modern lifestyle. Therefore, it is necessary to have the awareness and cooperation of the authorities and indigenous peoples to preserve and develop these traditional cultural features.
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